Wernher von Braun

Space Exploration

The first rocket which could fly high enough to get into space was the V2 missile which was first launched by Germany in 1942. The first rocket which actually launched something into space was used to launch Sputnik, the first satellite, on October 4, 1957. The rocket that launched Sputnik was a R-7 ICBM rocket.

In the 1930s and 1940s, Nazi Germany saw the possibilities of using long-distance rockets as weapons. Late in World War II, London was attacked by 200-mile-range V-2 missiles, which arched 60 miles high over the English Channel at more than 3,500 miles per hour. After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union created their own missile programs.

On Oct. 4, 1957, the Soviets launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, into space. Four years later on April 12, 1961, Russian Lt. Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit Earth in Vostok 1. His flight lasted 108 minutes, and Gagarin reached an altitude of 327 kilometers (about 202 miles).

The first U.S. satellite, Explorer 1, went into orbit on Jan. 31, 1958. In 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American to fly into space. On Feb. 20, 1962, John Glenn’s historic flight made him the first American to orbit Earth.

The Space Race (1955-1975) . (4 minutes)

The Golden Age Of Russian Space Exploration. (27 minutes)

The Journeys of Apollo, going to the moon. (58 minutes)
The command module of Apollo 1 got on fire while still at the
launchpad killing all 3 astronauts.
Apollo 11,12,14,15,16,17 all landed people on the moon,
Apollo 13 had an explosion of an oxygen tank while traveling
to the moon and had to return without landing on the moon.

Future trips to the moon. (5 Minutes)

A Brief History of Voyager 1 and Voyager 2. (15 minutes)
Voyager 1 and 2 were launched in 1977 and have now left
​our solar system but are still sending data back to earth.

50 Years of Mars Exploration. (4 Minutes)

NASA scientist Anita Sengupta talks us through the work behind bringing
the Curiosity rover to Mars and where we may go from there. (56 minutes)
If you like this video watch: (55 Minutes) 

China reaches above and beyond the moon. (2 minutes)
China National Space Administration has made progress this past year...
and are continuing to search the skies with many missions ahead.

India's attempt to land on the South Pool of the moon. (3 minutes)
More info at:

European Space Agency future projects. (7 minutes)

Google "space exploration" to get more info